Canada Online Gambling

Legal and regulated online gambling is coming to Canada, starting with Ontario.

Unfortunately, the launch of Ontario gaming has taken longer than expected. Regulatory delays aren’t uncommon, but there’s an additional problem in that the province’s Auditor General has cautioned that the new market could face a legal challenge.

For most of the history of online gambling, Canada has been a gray market. Canadian gambling laws grant provincial lotteries the exclusive right to conduct gambling legally. However, the laws were written before the internet and are unclear about online gambling.

Things are now changing quickly. In 2021, the federal government legalized single game sports betting, and Ontario began its quest for online gambling privatization. Saskatchewan, meanwhile, is partnering up with First Nations to offer online betting.

2022 stands to be an even bigger year. Bookmark this page to keep up to date on what the future holds for online casinos, sportsbooks and poker rooms in Canada.

Online gambling in Canada – updates for 2021

There hasn’t been much discussion of online poker in Canada. However, there’s been a lot of talk about sports betting and online casinos. As we’ve seen in the US iGaming market, poker often follows along with those other products. Here’s what’s been going on in recent months.

  • Jan. 11, 2022: At least one homegrown operator is ready to go when Ontario gaming launches, as NorthStar Gaming has announced a content deal with Playtech.
  • Jan. 5, 2022: The wait continues for privatized online gambling in Ontario, yet the need has become more pressing as all the province’s retail casinos have been shut down again due to COVID.
  • Dec. 9, 2021: Ontario privatized iGaming has been delayed until Q1 2022. Meanwhile, the Office of the Auditor General has issued a report stating its belief that the proposed market violates federal law. The Auditor General lacks the power to take direct action, but if the OAG’s opinion is correct, the province could face legal challenges from elsewhere.
  • Oct. 25, 2021: Many operators are showing interest in the upcoming Ontario iGaming market. BetMGM has signed Wayne Gretzky as a brand ambassador, which should help a lot in building its brand north of the border.
  • Oct. 15, 2021: Rush Street Interactive, which operates the BetRivers Sportsbook and Casino brand, launched its play money Casino4Fun in Canada. At the same time, it announced its intent to participate in the Ontario market.
  • Sep. 27, 2021: Saskatchewan announced its partnership with the Federation of Sovereign Indigenous Nations to create a new iGaming website. It’s the first partnership of its kind in North America, possibly the world.
  • Aug. 27, 2021: Bill C-218 came into effect at the end of August, making single game sports wagering legal. British Columbia, Ontario, Quebec and New Brunswick all went live with single game online betting on day one. Most other provinces followed suit over the following weeks and months.

Is online gambling legal in Canada?

Yes, online gambling is legal in Canada, but the situation is a bit complicated.

Under federal law, only provincial governments and their crown corporations can conduct gambling operations in Canada. However, that law predates the internet. There’s therefore a gray area when it comes to offshore gambling.

All Canadians have access to some fully legal online gambling options through their provincial lotteries. Exactly what those options are depends on which province you’re in. What’s more, Ontario is looking to create Canada’s first regulated private market for online gambling, and other provinces may eventually follow suit.

In the meantime, there are many private companies offering online gambling to Canadians in a gray market capacity. Although these sites aren’t officially legal, they aren’t clearly illegal either. They’re still risky to use and we don’t recommend it, but you won’t get in legal trouble for doing so.

Click here for more on the difference between regulated and gray market sites.

What legal gambling options are available in my province?

The main online gambling sites in Canada are those run by the provincial lotteries and their subsidiaries.

Canadians also have access to a number of offshore gambling sites, some more trustworthy than others. However, as a matter of principle, Online Poker Report does not promote any unregulated operators and discourages you from using any offshore sites. What you’ll find below are your current and future legal and regulated options.

In this section, we’ll tell you what options are available in your province, and what the future prospects are. More detail on the design of the sites themselves follows below.

Ontario online gambling sites

Ontario online casinos and sportsbooks are coming soon! The province’s privatized online gambling market is expected to launch early next year, perhaps in February or March 2022.

At the moment, your only regulated option is OLG.ca, the provincial lottery site. It now features single game sports betting as well as a full suite of online casino games and slots. Of course, you can also play instant lottery games and buy draw tickets. Unfortunately, it lacks an online poker option.

The new market will be based around iGaming Ontario, a government agency created to conduct and manage online gambling in the province, as required by federal law. Private online gambling companies will sign operating agreements with iGaming Ontario, to offer games on its behalf.

Some of the big names you’re likely to see when Ontario online gambling launches include:

  • DraftKings
  • FanDuel
  • BetMGM
  • Unibet
  • Caesars
  • theScore Bet
  • PointsBet

Alberta online gambling sites

Alberta has its own government-run online gaming site, PlayAlberta. This includes both online casino games and single game sports betting, but no online poker. On the other hand, it shares its lottery with the other Prairie Provinces, in the form of the Western Canada Lottery Corporation.

After Ontario, Alberta looks like it will be the next province to privatize its online gambling market. It has already started soliciting proposals for privatized sports betting, which will start off in the form of retail sportsbooks, but with the plan of extending into mobile betting. There’s been no mention of privatizing online casinos yet, but if privatized sports betting works well, it seems like a good bet that the government will consider doing the same with iGaming.

BC online gambling sites

British Columbia is home to one of the better government-operated online gambling sites, PlayNow. This is a full-featured site which includes online casino, sports betting and poker. PlayNow has been successful enough that the Manitoba government struck a deal to piggyback on British Columbia’s efforts. PlayNow Poker is operates on a network with Quebec’s OK Poker, so there are actually players from three provinces playing together at the same tables: BC, MB and QC.

BC hasn’t yet indicated whether it intends to seek privatization or not. On the one hand, it has been an early adopter of new forms of gambling and, like Ontario, has a lucrative retail casino industry which involves a private sector partnership with Great Canadian Gaming. On the other hand, it has invested enough in developing PlayNow that it may wish to keep its monopoly rather than welcome in private sector competition.

Saskatchewan gambling sites

Saskatchewan lacks any online gambling options at the moment. However, its government has struck a deal with the Saskatchewan Indian Gaming Authority to create a site operated by First Nations. The new site hasn’t been named yet, but will offer both sports betting and online casino, and will be the first of its kind in Canada. It is expected to go live some time in 2022.

Manitoba gambling sites

Although Manitoba partners with the other Prairie provinces for its lottery, it has teamed up with BC for online gambling. Manitobans therefore have access to all of PlayNow’s products: casino, sports betting and poker.

Unlike BC, Manitoba probably doesn’t have much interest in protecting PlayNow’s monopoly. It may therefore consider following either Alberta’s lead in privatizing online gambling, or perhaps Saskatchewan’s in partnering with the First Nations.

Quebec gambling sites

Quebec is another province that has made significant investments in building out its own online gambling presence. Espace Jeux is the iGaming and sports betting portal for, Loto-Québec, the provincial lottery. It is similar to PlayNow in that is full featured, including online casino, sports betting and poker. The poker product, called OK Poker, is networked with PlayNow, so players from Quebec can compete against those in BC and Manitoba.

Quebec seems unlikely to privatize online gambling. Compared to other provinces, it leans quite heavily towards keeping things in the public sector, resists following the lead of other provinces, and dislikes American influence. It has also done more to try to prevent its citizens from playing on offshore sites than other provinces. Those efforts have been thwarted by the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, but they show that the province is interested in protecting Loto-Québec’s monopoly.

Atlantic Canada gambling sites

Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland & Labrador all share a single lottery, the Atlantic Lottery Corporation (ALC). Its website, ALC.ca, also doubles as its iGaming portal.

Exactly which options are available through ALC.ca depend on which province you’re in. At the moment, only New Brunswick has approved online casino games, though other provinces are considering it. On the other hand, all the Atlantic provinces except Nova Scotia have access to single game sports betting through ALC. Nova Scotians are still restricted to parlay betting only.

Given the slow pace at which the Atlantic region is adopting even government-operated online gambling, privatization seems a long way off.

Regulated Canadian online gambling sites

When Ontario’s regulated online casino market comes online, as it’s expected to do in December, Canadians in that province will have access to at least some name brand casinos, probably including the likes of Caesars and DraftKings, plus some homegrown brands like TheScore and Torstar. When the time comes, we’ll provide the full list of those on our Ontario Online Casinos page.

In the meantime, for the provinces where regulated online casino gaming is available at all, it’s just the one site per province (or in PlayNow’s case, one site for two provinces).

Here’s a rundown of how those various sites – current and future – stack up against each other:

DraftKings

DraftKings is a huge name in daily fantasy sports, but now it’s much more than just that. In US regulated markets, it’s a huge name in sports betting, and rapidly establishing itself as a great casino site too.

It’s a highly appealing brand for players for two reasons. Firstly, it has been very generous with bonuses in the US and likely will be in Canada as well. It has the best no deposit bonus in the industry, with $60 free for new customers, plus another $25 for first-time depositors, plus a 100% match up to $2000. It also has the lowest minimum deposit in the US at just $5.

On top of that, it’s also known for innovation. It produces a lot of its casino games in house, including numerous sports-themed blackjack and roulette titles. The sportsbook also has some unique features, like an NFT marketplace.

FanDuel

FanDuel is another daily fantasy sports company that has taken the plunge into mobile sports betting and online casino. Its rivalry with DraftKings will surely extend north of the border once privatization is underway.

Though similarly positioned as a sports-first brand, it brings a different set of perks to the table from DraftKings. For starters, it’s known for having some of the best software in the business, particularly for its sportsbook. If you’re looking for a streamlined experience, FanDuel’s a great choice.

To incentivize new customers, FanDuel offers $1000 in risk free play. That’s either in the form of a single $1000 risk-free bet for sportsbook users, or a risk-free first day in the casino.

BetMGM

BetMGM is the online gambling brand for MGM Resorts International, a huge name in retail casinos and luxury entertainment. The site is powered by Entain, and equally prominent name in online gambling.

With that sort of team-up, it’s no wonder that BetMGM is the US market leader in online casino gaming. It has great software, a huge range of games to choose from, and its M Life Rewards loyalty program, which can earn you stays at your choice of MGM Resorts properties. Its sportsbook is competitive with the likes of DraftKings and FanDuel too.

Although the bonuses operators offer in Canada may differ from those south of the border, what BetMGM is offering its American customers is $25 free on sign-up, plus a 100% first deposit match up to $1000.

Unibet

Unibet is a European online casino and sports betting brand, now trying to make a name for itself in North America. It has nice software and a good selection of games, but what really makes it special is the company’s commitment to responsible gambling. Among other things, this means that you’ll find promotions at Unibet that won’t break the bank or require you to log in every day. It’s perfect for the casual gambler.

Caesars

Caesars is a big name in retail casinos, and a driving force behind gambling expansion in Canada thanks to its property in Windsor, ON. It’s been building up its online casino brand as well, and its sportsbook now runs on software from the noted British bookmaker William Hill. It’s another company that’s spending big on promotional bonuses, and new users in the US get a first deposit match up to $2000. Hopefully Canadians will receive a similar offer.

PlayNow

At the moment, BCLC’s PlayNow is the poster child for Canadian online casinos. Its game offerings rival those of US commercial operations, with several hundred slots, a decent selection of table games, live dealer products, bingo, video poker, free spins, progressive jackpots, and more. It even has its own online poker room.

Its GameSense responsible gambling system has also proven quite successful. So much so that it has begun licensing it to other operators, including both private companies like BetMGM and other lottery operations, such as PlayAlberta.

If there’s a downside, it’s that it goes light on promotions. There’s a $20 bonus on signup, which requires a $20 deposit and comes with a steep 30x playthrough requirement. On the other hand, it shares the Encore Rewards loyalty program used by brick and mortar casinos in the province.

Espace Jeux

Quebec’s iGaming site has the best selection of games in the country, especially when it comes to table games. It has dozens of these, including some unusual games not found at the other Canadian online casinos. It even has a custom blackjack title, Blackjack Casinos de Québec, using the same rule set and table design used at the province’s retail casinos. Finally, it has a huge set of live dealer games to choose from, including “game show” style products and dice games, where other lottery sites focus on blackjack, roulette and baccarat.

It’s not without its downsides, however. You won’t find a permanent welcome bonus here, but will either have to do without or wait until a limited time offer comes up. The site navigation and game search tools aren’t as polished as PlayNow’s.

OK Poker / PlayNow Poker

Quebec was an early adopter of legal online poker, launching a poker product on its Espace Jeux website in 2010. It rebooted this in 2020 with a new product, OK Poker, using IGT technology.

PlayNow launched the year after Loto-Québec’s original poker product, in 2011. It didn’t rebrand in 2020, but has been brought up to date with the same features as OK Poker, as its technology is likewise supplied by IGT.

These are more modern sites than you might expect from a lottery. Aside from Texas Hold’em, you’ll find a decent array of games:

  • Omaha (both Hi and Hi/Lo)
  • Stud (7-Card, 5-Card and Soko*)
  • Draw (5-Card Hi and A-7 Single Draw Lowball)

* Soko, aka Canadian Stud, is a rarely seen 5-Card Stud variant with special hand rankings

The promotions are decidedly old-school, in the sense that they favor a high volume of play. There’s an ongoing rakeback points system that returns 4% to the player in the form of tournament credit, plus progressive jackpots for both bad beats and high hands. Limited time promotions include such things as rake races, rarely seen on private sector sites these days, as they cater more towards casual players.

As far as tournaments go, the biggest is the bimonthly Mega $150,000 Guaranteed, which has a $320 buy-in and numerous satellites starting as low as $0.01. There is also a weekly $20,000 guaranteed tournament on Sundays, starting at noon for players in BC, which equates to 2 p.m. in MB and 3 p.m. in QC.

OLG iGaming

Despite not having a separate iGaming site, Ontario’s lottery offers a very robust online casino. There are hundreds of games to choose from, neatly categorized and with search tools to help you find the ones you’re looking for. It also has its own suite of responsible gambling tools, called PlaySmart, which includes a separate website dedicated to explaining the games and their odds.

It also has a great signup bonus for new casino users, consisting of a 100% match up to $300 on your first three deposits.

PlayAlberta

PlayAlberta is a bare bones sort of site, without much to navigate. Visit the website, and the games are right there. The casino category contains only a couple dozen games, most of them slots. It uses the same GameSense responsible gambling system as BCLC. Promotions are also minimal, with a $20 bonus (with playthrough requirements) on a first deposit of $10 or more, and not much else.

Despite the minimal overall offerings, PlayAlberta did recently begin offering live dealer games, something that not all Canadian online casinos have.

Atlantic Lottery iGaming

ALC’s online casino is still in its infancy. It only began serving New Brunswick residents in 2020, and hasn’t rolled out for the other Atlantic provinces yet. As such, there are only a handful of games available, no promotions to speak of, no live dealer games.

The company’s PlayWise responsible gambling program also contains very little that’s specific to casinos games, beyond a few PDF brochures covering the odds for slots, blackjack and so forth. Nor are there any tools available to help, beyond the option to self-exclude.

FSIN

Saskatchewan will soon get an online casino and sports betting site through a partnership between the province’s Liquor and Gaming Authority and the Federation of Sovereign Indigenous Nations (FSIN). There’s no word yet on what the site will be called, which is why we refer to is as FSIN Online Casino for the time being. The expected go-live date for the new site is sometime in 2022.

Canadian sports betting

Until Aug. 27, 2021, betting on the outcome of individual sports matches in Canada was illegal under federal law. Many Canadians still placed such bets at offshore sites, which were considered a gray market – that is, they were “not illegal” simply by virtue of not being addressed in the Criminal Code one way or another.

That situation persists today, but most Canadian provinces now also have a fully legal, white market option.

Online sports betting in Canada

Elsewhere in the world, it has generally been the case that retail sportsbooks have preceded online betting. Not so in Canada. All the lotteries were already offering online parlay betting, and their technology suppliers had the capacity to provide single-game bets at any time.

As a result, many provinces were able to go live with online betting as soon as Bill C-218 came into effect. Most of the others followed not long after. At the moment, only Saskatchewan, Nova Scotia and the Territories are without, and Saskatchewan says it will have single game online sports betting just as soon as its FSIN online gambling site goes live next year.

The new, single game Canadian online sportsbooks use the same branding as the older parlay-based product. That’s Mise-o-Jeu in Quebec, Sport Select in the Prairies, and Pro-Line everywhere else.

Online poker in Canada

For the time being, international online poker operators like PokerStars serve Canadian customers, but in a gray market capacity. Once Ontario launches its privatized iGaming market, however, it plans on asking unauthorized operators to leave the market. Some may apply for operating agreements at that time and begin serving Ontario customers in a formally regulated capacity. Others may simply stop taking Canadian sign-ups.

As far as fully legal and regulated options go, at the moment there’s only one and it’s only available to players in three provinces:

  • British Columbia (PlayNow)
  • Manitoba (PlayNow)
  • Québec (OK Poker, through EspaceJeux)

Despite the different names and appearance, PlayNow Poker and OK Poker are the same product, from the same technology supplier, operating on the same network.

Depositing and withdrawing from Canadian online gambling sites

Most of Canada’s online lottery and iGaming sites use the same deposit methods. Though there are only a handful of these, they cover enough bases that almost every user should be able to find one that works for them:

  • Credit card (Visa, MasterCard, American Express)
  • PayPal
  • Interac Online
  • Online banking (using bill payment system)
  • Prepayment at a lottery retailer (known as “Web Cash” for BCLC and ALC, and “Argent Web” for Loto-Québec)

There are some exceptions. Currently, PlayAlberta accepts only credit card payments, using Visa and MasterCard, though it says it will add Interac soon. OLG does not have a prepayment option, and does not accept American Express.

In all cases, there is only a single withdrawal option, which is direct bank transfer. This requires verification of your banking info, and is easier to do if you have online banking set up.

Why choose regulated Canadian gambling sites?

Given the low traffic of the lottery sites and the fact that legitimate international operators are currently serving Canadian customers in a gray market capacity, it may be tempting to choose the latter. While such sites, which operate in fully licensed and legal fashion elsewhere, are a safer choice than black market operators, they still can’t provide you with the same level of safety you’ll enjoy at an official, white market site.

Here are the advantages that the lottery sites hold over the gray market. Let’s call them the four Rs of the white market:

  • Reliability: The nature of gray markets is that they’re unpredictable. If the Canadian government pushes gray market sites to stop serving Canadians, most will comply in order to maintain their compliance record and avoid trouble for their white market operations. Although you’ll get your money back in those cases, you could lose the ability to play on your chosen site on short notice.
  • Revenue: Regardless of where you play, you’re going to be paying rake. When you play at a gray market site, all that money leaves the country, and whatever profit is left after expenses winds up with the company’s shareholders. The lotteries, on the other hand, are Canadian crown corporations. All their net profit therefore ends up in public coffers, to be spent by the government to help Canadians.
  • Responsibility: In a white market, the government gets to set policy on responsible gambling, and authorized operators must comply. Gray market sites often have some responsible gambling measures in place, but these are determined by outside authorities who aren’t paying attention to the situation in Canada. A legal market gives Canadians a say in their own gambling safety.
  • Recourse: Even if you’re playing on a site which is fully licensed in other jurisdictions like the UK, your relationship to the site is different from that of players there. Where the company has legal status, it can be challenged. There’s a regulator you could appeal to if something went wrong, or you could even attempt to take the company to court if it came to that. International companies serving Canadians in a gray market capacity are beyond the reach of Canadian authorities. Thus, if you have a problem and the company is unwilling to help, you have nowhere else to turn.

Those are the advantages of a white market site over a gray market site that is otherwise compliant and operates with a license elsewhere. The comparison between legal sites and black market operations is even starker. The latter sites don’t hold a license from any legitimate regulator, and serve even countries that actively try to keep them out.

Here’s why you should avoid black market sites at all cost:

  • Game integrity: Black market sites have absolutely no oversight anywhere. Your only assurance that the company isn’t attempting to cheat you is its reputation, and this can change in the blink of an eye. This is especially important when it comes to online poker, as black market sites have little incentive to ban players, and therefore do little to police botting, collusion and other forms of cheating.
  • Testing: Similarly, black market products undergo no outside testing. You have no assurance that the software is free of bugs that could cause a mid-session crash, produce unexpected behaviour or even let your opponents cheat at poker.
  • Money laundering: White market and most gray market sites go through rigorous Know Your Customer steps to verify players’ identities. That may be a bit of a nuisance when signing up, but it’s very important. Black market sites don’t scrutinize their players, and as a result, tend to be havens for international criminal organizations, which use them to launder money. By playing there, you can unwittingly be providing cover for organized criminals and terrorists to move money from one country to another.

How to tell if a site is legal

All that advice isn’t worth much if you can’t tell the difference between operators. So, how do you know what type of operation you’re looking at?

  • White markets: White market operators act in explicit compliance with local laws. Typically, this means having a license (or other form of approval, like an operating agreement) from the local regulator, and servers physically located in the country or region. In Canada, the only possible white market operations at the moment are lottery-run sites. That may change, however, as Ontario is looking to privatize its iGaming market, for instance. On this page, we will only ever directly promote sites that are serving Canada in a white market capacity.
  • Gray markets: Gray market operators act in the absence of laws or policies against what they’re doing. Informally, you could say that they’re “not illegal,” rather than explicitly legal. In Canada, these are companies that hold licenses in the Isle of Man or Malta, as well as local licenses in white market jurisdictions elsewhere. If it’s not a lottery-run site, but doesn’t serve black markets, then it’s a gray market site. Online Poker Report does not promote black market operators, so another clue is that if you can find a review of the company here, it is a white market company elsewhere, and a gray market company in Canada.
  • Black markets: Black market operators serve most or all countries, including ones where they are explicitly illegal, such as the US. Although legal US sites exist, these are restricted to specific states and can’t take outside customers. Thus, if you’re signing up for a site and it takes players from both the US and Canada, then you can be sure that it’s a black market site. Illegal sites often avoid .com domain names, which can be seized in the US. So, if you find a site whose URL ends in .cr, .eu, .bet or something of the sort, that’s another huge red flag.

Canadian online gambling FAQ: 2022

Didn’t find what you were looking for above? Here are some quick answers to other common questions.

How do I know if a Canadian online gambling site is legal?

Only the provincial lotteries are authorized to operate online casinos on Canadian soil. The legal status of offshore casinos serving Canadian customers is ambiguous. Many do so, and don’t meet with interference, but this could change at any moment. In particular, Ontario says it will take action against such operators once its regulated market is operational.

Who can gamble online in Canada?

The minimum age for gambling in Canada varies from province to province. You must be 19 years old to gamble online in most provinces and territories. However, the following jurisdictions have a minimum age of 18 instead:

  • Alberta
  • Manitoba
  • Quebec
  • Northwest Territories

Do I have to pay tax on my online gambling winnings?

Probably not. Generally speaking, gambling winnings are not taxable in Canada, and you don’t have to declare them. There is an exception, however, in that professional gamblers are expected to treat their winnings as self-employment income, which means reporting and paying tax on it.

This is less of an issue for casino gamblers than it is for poker players and sports bettors, as casino games aren’t generally beatable. That said, if you don’t have a regular job, use a system to turn a consistent profit at any sort of gambling, and treat that as your primary source of income, then the Canada Revenue Agency might consider you a professional and expect you to declare your income.

Who regulates online gambling in Canada?

There’s no separate regulatory body for gambling issues in Canada. That’s because the lottery corporations themselves are owned by the provincial governments, which allow them to set their own rules.

If efforts to privatize some Canadian online gambling markets succeed, the lottery corporations will probably retain that regulatory authority, while day-to-day operations of the sites themselves will be handled by private companies.

Why doesn’t Canada have an open market for online gambling?

Canada’s overall political stance leans more to the public sector than private markets when it comes to so-called “vice” products. That’s why almost all gambling has been assigned to provincial lotteries, just as liquor and cannabis sales are handled by crown corporations in most parts of the country.

There’s also significant resistance to the idea of having legal online casinos at all. Many gambling opponents feel that the government should be doing more to try to block offshore gambling sites from serving Canadians, rather than trying to out-compete them with a safer, official alternative.

Generally speaking, Canada is slowly moving in the direction of a more liberalized market, but it’s likely that crown corporations will always be involved in some capacity.

Is PokerStars legal in Canada?

PokerStars serves Canadian customers, but in a gray market capacity. While you won’t get in trouble for playing there, it isn’t as safe as the lottery-run sites.

Are daily fantasy sports sites legal in Canada?

Daily fantasy sports falls into the same category as all other online gambling in Canada. That is, Canadian law doesn’t say anything about it one way or another. Because it’s not expressly illegal, DFS sites like DraftKings and FanDuel serve Canadian customers. By the same token, however, they’re not licensed or regulated, so you use these sites at your own risk.

Is horse betting legal in Canada?

Yes. It has been legal since 1969 and is regulated by the Canadian Pari-Mutuel Agency. It is separate from the provincial lotteries, however, so you can’t bet on horses through lottery retailers, not the lottery corporations’ websites. This means that, strictly speaking, it’s only really legal to do in person at racetracks and off-track betting parlors.

In practice, online horse betting is in the same category as online sports betting. Many offshore racebooks accept Canadian customers. That includes both less reputable, wholly unregulated ones, as well as some more trustworthy ones that operate in a licensed and regulated fashion in other countries.

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