- US Online Poker
- US Online Casinos
- US Online Sports Betting
That’s one takeaway from a recently published study entitled “Consumer spending in the gaming industry: evidence of complementary demand in casino and online venues” penned by gambling experts Kahlil S. Philander, Brett Abarbanel and Toni Repetti for International Gambling Studies.
A summary follows. An overview of the study, as well as full access options, can be found here.
The authors advise that “US operators should recognize the positive value that online gambling can have with relation to their online operations,” suggesting that operators are best served integrating online gambling as part of their overall offering, as opposed to “resisting change.”
Philander, Aberbanel and Repetti’s findings are the latest in what has become a string of mounting evidence that online gambling has a complementary relationship with offline gambling:
Online gamblers, assert the study, come from a different stock than their brick & mortar counterparts. Namely, online gamblers tend to be:
Conversely, the average physical casino frequenter is more likely to be female, is often unemployed or part of a lower income bracket, and of a more variable age range.
That being said, online gamblers represent a valuable subset of brick & mortar casino players, as their higher budgets allow them to freely participate in both mediums, creating a complimentary impact.
The ability of online gambling operators to cost-effectively host smaller stakes games opens up a bevy of new avenues, for both players and operators alike.
Per the study, online gambling is “more attractive for people who previously had not been able to afford higher stakes gambling at offline venues.”
Consider the implications of this statement:
In a bear case scenario, this new subset of the gambling community never steps foot in a land-based casino, yet still generates substantial revenue for online operators and state coffers via their online play – revenue that would have never existed otherwise, seeing as though these players do not possess the budgetary means to frequent brick & mortar casinos.
However, the bear case neglects the fact that the average online operator will often offer players a multitude of cross-promotional opportunities, either via sweepstakes, comps or in the case of online poker, qualifiers, all of which render it more cost effective for online players to frequent their land-based brands.
To wit, not only can online and offline gambling coexist, but valuable synergistic opportunities exist.
The authors analyzed the results of a 2010 British Gambling Prevalence Survey, which questioned nearly 7,800 adults living in England, Scotland and Wales about their gambling tendencies.
It is noted that the UK is “a useful market in which to analyze the potential association between gamblers’ behavior in online and offline gambling products,” primarily due to its status as a regulated market, “numerous game types and varieties in online and offline settings and the large prevalence of gambling.”
Notice the parallels between the UK and US regulated markets, the most notable difference being that the US includes “integrated resorts.”
A few noteworthy findings:
Interestingly, the study does refer to one analysis where a negative relationship between online and offline gambling revenue was present in the United States.
That impact was observed in the relationship between U.S. land-based casino revenue and unregulated, offshore online gambling sites.
The implications of these findings are particularly significant for states currently weighing the pros and cons of online gambling in the context of its impact on commercial casino revenue.
Proof that an online gambling roll out will not only generate revenue on its own, but also support revenue at land-based casinos, will go a long way toward convincing legislators that change should be embraced.
Image credit: Filipe Frazao / Shutterstock.com.